Monday, October 7, 2019

Police Operations Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Police Operations - Research Paper Example Introduction ‘Acculturation’, as a term, is commonly utilized in the discussions which surround refugees and immigrants, focusing on the cultural changes needed to be made in the behavioral traits of the immigrant groups to get imbibed in their host nation’s culture. To be noted, the present acculturation technique is used in the various organizational departments such as fire and police departments. In the year 2004, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) defined acculturation as â€Å"the progressive adoption of elements of a foreign culture (ideas, words, values, norms, behavior, institutions) by persons, groups or classes of a given culture† (Sam & Berry, n.d, p.11). In recent times, acculturation has often been regarded as an important and well organized area of study. Acculturation is a kind of dual process of psychological and cultural changes that take place as an outcome of contact among two or more diverse cultural groups and their res pective individual members. The conventional definition of acculturation was offered by Redfield, Linton and Herskovits as â€Å"acculturation comprehends those phenomena which result when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first-hand contact with subsequent changes in the original culture patterns of either or both groups† (Berry, 1997, p.5). ... With the process of acculturation, police officers will be benefitted by the adaptation of the behavioral patterns of the surroundings (Berry, 1997; Berry, 2005). The new police officers also develop the manner of acculturation which allows them to work in the new environments. Police officers mainly deal with the dimension of criminology, which needs intense pressure handling ability along with logical thinking which can be quite difficult for the new entrants or new officers. Correspondingly, this process of acculturation has been introduced so that new police officers can get habituated to work in the new environment. This research study deals with the way of applying acculturate to the new police officers. In this study comments on present research, subculture of policing along with the consistent cultures that most law enforcement agencies possess, based on critical explanations (Berry, 1997). In the earlier period, acculturation was viewed as a process of change, leading to cer tain specific outcomes. Originally, acculturation was conceptualized mostly as a linear and uni-dimensional procedure with the practice occurring on a continuum. Modified perspectives have enlarged the view of what the potential outcomes might entail. Instead of a single linear continuum, a multidimensional or multi-linear model focuses on an individual position on the both new as well as original cultures norms (Trinh, 2009). Acculturation Process A General Framework of Understanding Acculturation (Berry, 2005) New officers can never be acculturated with the lack of an appropriate process. According to the above framework, there are cultural acculturations in the group level and psychological acculturations in the individual level, which need to be satisfied by the police

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